Should you need oral surgery, Oliver Family Dental’s experienced oral surgeon performs a variety of surgical procedures including wisdom teeth removal at our Edmonton office. We provide a safe setting for your procedure and will monitor you closely from start to finish of your procedure. Oral surgery usually involves nitrous oxide sedation, a local anaesthetic or general anaesthesia. We’ll speak to you about all of your sedation options prior to your procedure.
What Are Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars in the back of your mouth and the last four of your 32 teeth to erupt. They typically come in when you’re 17 to 21 years old and are not needed for chewing. The eruption of wisdom teeth varies for everybody; some only partially erupt or stay within the gum tissue, while others come in at awkward angles.
A wisdom tooth’s roots are not as deep into the jaw bone for people in their late teens or early 20s, so extraction should ideally take place during this time. Adults may have them removed if problems develop, but the extraction is more difficult. As you age, you’re usually more likely to have wisdom teeth complications.
Wisdom Tooth Pain
Wisdom teeth are impacted when they don’t fully appear and remain covered by tissue or bone. This can cause a lot of pain and other symptoms such as:
When your gums are swollen, it’s usually because food and bacteria becomes trapped, leading to an infection. Please call your dentist if you experience any of the above symptoms. On the other hand, you might not experience any symptoms and still need surgery -- an image on your x-ray may be the only indicator that something is wrong. Left untreated, impacted wisdom teeth can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, overcrowding of the teeth, cysts, and continual pain.
Wisdom Teeth Extraction
The procedure typically lasts under an hour and you’ll stay under our supervision until you’re ready to be taken home by a friend or family member. To start the extraction, your dentist will open up the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering the tooth. The tissue will be separated in order to extract the tooth, and the tooth may be cut into smaller pieces to help with its removal. Sutures, dissolvable or those needing to be removed, will close the separated gum tissue. Remember, every wisdom tooth is different – you may only need one or two removed instead of all four!
Home Care After Your Oral Surgery
You should definitely limit your activities for the first few days of your recovery, which usually lasts 3 to 5 days before you’re back on your feet. Take this time to rest up, relax and stay in bed! You may experience any of the following after your surgery:
When you’re resting at home, here are some tips to help your recovery:
We’ll schedule a follow-up appointment so your dentist can take out your stitches, perform an examination and answer any questions you have.
Pre-Prosthetic Surgery: Preparing for a Fixed Bridge, Dentures or Dental Implant
Before your dentist will replace a tooth or multiple teeth, a pre-prosthetic surgery may be needed. A fixed bridge, removable dentures and dental implants are used to hide the loss of your permanent teeth, but the fit may not be perfect at first.
Pre-prosthetic surgery is primarily done to improve the esthetics, comfort and function of your future replacement. For example, your jawbone may not be the right shape or size for your dentures to fit snugly. Your dentist can remove some excess bone or do a grafting procedure to build up the bone where it’s lacking. Your teeth also may not be properly positioned, so removing certain teeth allow for the best fit possible.
Oral Tissue Biopsy: Getting an Accurate Diagnosis
Oral tissue biopsies are performed by your dentist to gain more information about abnormal lesions within the mouth. These growths could be benign or cancerous – a microscopic analysis of the soft tissue by a pathologist will determine that diagnosis. Oral tissue biopsies can be done on the tongue, cheek, gums, roof of the mouth, and the salivary glands under the tongue. The biopsy itself is a minimally invasive procedure with a recovery period of a few days.
Early detection is always key when it comes to diseases of the mouth, gums and tongue, so please contact our office if you have a lesion that lasts for 2 weeks or longer, bleeds easily or grows rapidly.
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